CLEP-2 Day-4 Session-4 Reading Material Webinar Live Youtube Link Test Material

CLEP-2 Day-4 Session-4 Reading Material Webinar Live Youtube Link Test Material. Reading Material for Session 4 - UNDERSTANDING YOUNG LEARNERS . DAY 4 OF CLEP -II WEBINAR SERIES SCERT, AP. On "Understanding young learners" by Dr. Shoba K.N., Assit. Prof. of English, Anna University, Chennai.

CLEP-2 Day-4 Session-4 Reading Material Webinar Live Youtube Link Test Material

  • By the end of the session, participants will be able to
  • Understand Multiple Intelligences of their learners
  • Identify the different styles of learning and approaches to engage with young learners
  • Discuss the implications of the child’s experiential orbit in the process of learning
Brainstorm the following two questions.
  • 1. Do you feel children are blank slates when they come to school? Why?
  • 2. Is the teacher going to teach everything? Explain.
Young learners like to discover things. They like to make sense of the world around them through engaging and motivating activities. Where they have to discover themselves through their imagination rather than being told. Young learners get bored easily. So, concrete activities of not more than 10 minutes, which are interesting are preferable. Teachers should be good role-models in all aspects as children tend to imitate them. An ideal classroom should be colourful and spacious for children to move, enjoy and work in groups in a stress-free atmosphere loaded with appreciation and fun.

Howard Gardner’s theory of Multiple Intelligence

Let us know about Howard Gardner’s theory of Multiple Intelligence for better understanding the young learners. 

Gardner claims that all human beings have multiple intelligences. These multiple intelligences can be nurtured and strengthened or ignored and weakened. After his research, he has proposed that there are 8 types of intelligences:
  • Verbal-Linguistic Intelligence: Well-developed verbal skills and sensitivity to the sounds, meanings and rhythms of words.
  • Mathematical-Logical Intelligence: The ability to think conceptually and abstractly, and the capacity to recognize logical or numerical
  • Musical Intelligence: The ability to produce and appreciate rhythm, pitch and quality of a sound.
  • Visual-Spatial Intelligence: The capacity to think in images and pictures, to visualize accurately and abstractly.
  • Bodily-Kinaesthetic Intelligence: The ability to control one's body movements and to handle objects skilfully.
  • Interpersonal Intelligence: The capacity to detect and respond appropriately to the moods, motivations and desires of others.
  • Intrapersonal Intelligence: The capacity to be self-aware and in tune with inner feelings, values, beliefs and thinking processes.
  • Naturalist Intelligence: The ability to recognize and categorize plants, animals and other objects in nature.
While all people possess some level of each intelligence, most will experience more dominant intelligences which impact the way they learn and interact with the world around them. 

Conventionally we focus on linguistic and logical mathematical intelligence, but we neglect budding artists, architects, musicians, naturalists, designers, dancers, therapists, entrepreneurs etc. in our schools who can be identified and encouraged by the teacher in the classroom. Instead of neglecting learners by labelling them as ‘under achievers’, teachers should reinforce them. The theme of multiple intelligence proposes a major transformation in the way our schools are run. Teachers are expected to make their classes lively with wide variety of ways using music, dance, art, cooperative learning activities, role-plays, field-trips etc. Considering multiple intelligences of the learners, It is better we distinguish the learners according to their styles of learning as – Auditory, Visual, Kinaesthetic and Tactile.

Characteristic Features of each Learning Style: 

  • Love music, rhymes and often remember words
  • Easily follow spoken directions. If they don’t understand they ask, “tell me again”.
  • Like to read aloud even when they are alone.
  • Enjoy ‘talking books’ and ‘talking toys.’
  • Learn from hearing words spoken and from oral expressions.
  • Get benefited from hearing audiotapes, classroom discussions and teacher talks.
  • Learn alone with a
  • Learn when the sense of sight is engaged.
  • Learn through demonstrations.
  • Gather information from reading assignments.
  • Keep on watching whatever teacher writes.
  • Observe Black Board Work.
  • Like drawing and paintings.
  • Read a story and retell with the smallest details.
  • Often ask ‘show me again’ for getting clarifications.
  • Understand well if they read.
  • Learn best through movement and motion.
  • Often ask ‘Let me hold it ‘
  • Learn best by getting involved physically in the classroom activities.
  • Remember information well when learning takes place through activities , field trips, role-playing, etc.
  • They prefer a combination of stimuli for example an audio tape combined with an activity will help them understand new material.
  • They have trouble sitting still.
  • Learn through touch and feel.
  • prefer hands on experience.
  • Learn more through experiments.
  • Interested in art and crafts.
  • Prefer handling and building models.
  • Physical involvement in class-related activity may help them understand new information.

Teaching strategies to help them learn: 

  • Encourage activities like Spell Bee etc.
  • Rhymes and Songs are good for auditory learners.
  • Use recorded material to involve the students.
  • Give oral instructions for all classroom, tasks, tests and home assignments.
  • Give oral explanations for all charts, graphs, diagrams and pictures etc…
  • Hold small group discussions and problem-solving activities.
  • Provide opportunities to ask questions and share ideas during transaction.
  • Encourage speaking.
  • Provide written instructions and directions
  • Use visual reading material (like graphs, charts, pictures).
  • Create vivid descriptions of ideas/concept.
  • Showing images, pictures and cartoons using digital and virtual classrooms.
  • Perform activities that encourage learning by doing and interacting with others.
  • Allow their participation in classroom activities, role play, skits stimulations.
  • Arrange field trips to PHC, engineering colleges, factories etc.
  • Use energizers like passing the ball, clapping with names animals etc.
  • Assign responsibilities and make them move.
Tactile :
  • Let them manipulate and assemble objects, materials, models.
  • Encourage drawing, underlining and highlighting in class notes as well as in assigned reading.
  • Encourage taking notes during talks and discussion.
  • Let them conduct puppet shows.
  • Let them make models, art material etc.
  • Allow completing classroom assignments and project in groups.
  • Use language game like building blocks, teaching cards, snap-words, match manipulation etc.
Learning styles can be stretched by practicing various learning strategies that develop content knowledge, language proficiency, self-confidence, learner autonomy and lead to joyful learning. So, our classroom activities should cater to the needs of all the students with different intelligences and learning styles. If activities are confined to the learning styles of a few students in the class, others will be deprived of learning opportunities. 
Watch the Youtube Live Day-4 Webinar On "Understanding young learners" by Dr. Shoba K.N., Assit. Prof. of English, Anna University, Chennai from below link.